Geodata for upgrading smallholders' farming systems in Indonesia (G4INDO)

Download the G4INDO project leaflet

Target user group

The target group of the G4INDO project is smallholder rice farmers. In Indonesia, especially on Java, where the project situated, rice farmers typically have land holdings <2 ha, in many instances even less than 1 ha. Having said that, landownership is also highly fragmented and part of the fields are cultivated on a sharecropping basis. These conditions pose challenges to the G4INDO project. The project will provide services (crop insurance and third crop feasibility advice) to 200,000 farmers.

Services to be provided

The Indonesian Government has decided on a crop insurance policy to assist farmers and to boost food security. The target group of the G4INDO project are smallholder rice farmers, with an average of 1  or 2 ha of land in Indonesia, especially on Java. The project will provide services (crop insurance and third crop feasibility advice) to 200,000 farmers. The G4INDO project provides technical assistance in assessing crop yield anomalies at plot scale based on combining information from processed satellite signals (radar and optical earth observations) with information from weather monitoring, analyses and forecasting, crop models, and hydrological models. The integrated information will be made accessible to the Ministry of Agriculture and related insurance companies, allowing them to efficiently assess claims from service contract holders experiencing harvest losses against which they are insured. The project also supports the realisation of the cropping calendar of the Ministry of Agriculture, including advice to farmers whether a third rice crop can be expected to receive sufficient rain.

Business proposition

The G4INDO service will become self-financing after three years as the number of insurance takers will than allow for enough revenue to surpass the cost of running the service. Before that, the number of clients is too low to support a profitable service as the costs are higher than the revenues. Moreover, the set-up of the G4INDO service requires an investment in technology and knowledge transfer. Hence the G4INDO subsidy is needed to bridge the 3-year gap between the start of the project and the moment that the service will become self-financing. And the service will become self-financing in year 4 after the start of the project. The project is designed in such a way that the services can be expanded to other regions during the project and continued after project termination.


The G4INDO project works with a set of 8 partners, each with their own expertise and role to play: expertise on radar and optical remote sensing technology (Wageningen University, SarVision, Terrasphere), on small holder insurance systems (Syngenta Foundation for Sustainable Agriculture, NDI), on rural conditions in Java, hydrology, crop growth modelling (Alterra, including PRI, and Deltares), and on climate change and weather forecasting (KNMI). Alterra coordinates the project.

CategoryCrop advisory service,Crop insurance
RegionSoutheast Asia
Period2014 - 2017
Targeted end userssmallholder rice farmers on Java, Indonesia